Quality Point (Q.P)/ Grade Point

The quality point of the performance of a student is obtained by multiplying the numerical value (see table above) of the  grade earned by a student with the Credit Hours of that course, e.g., an ‘A’ grade in a course of 3 C.H. would earn 4×3=12 Q.P. and a ‘D’ grade in the same course earns 1×3=3 Q.P/ G.P.

The Academic Council has however resolved that while converting numerical score into appropriate grade, e.g. ‘A’  where score is 87%, the range of grade value corresponding to the percentage score (i.e. 4.4) be reckoned with in future. It implies that, with score of 60 & 78%, both would have been assigned ‘B’ under old rules; however allowing proportionate numerical Grade Value, the two scores be assigned 3.0 and 3.9 grade point respectively thereby allowing the student the benefit of better performance in the later case. This revised system would also be helpful in scoring better G.P.A../ C.G.P.A.


The ready reckoner table for conversion of numerical score into proportionate grade point is available with Controller of Examination’s Office


Grade Point Average (G.P.A)

It is an expression for the average performance of the student in the courses he has offered during one or two semesters or at the end of the entire course.


           G.P.A.=      Sum of all the Quality Points earned

Sum of the Credit Hours of all the courses offered

Calculation : Example

Course #       Credit Hrs.        Score     Grade Grade Point    QP     GPA

ENGL 101     3                           68%        B           3.4                     10.2

ARAB 101     3                           57%        C           2.7                     08.1

ZOOL 101     3+1=4                 45%        D           1.5                     06.0

COMP 101    2+1=3                 80%        A           4.0                     12.0

BOTN 101     3+1=4                 50%        C           2.0                     08.0

Total               17                                                                                44.3= 2.61


Multiply Grade Point with the Credit Hours in each course, add up the cumulative Grade Points and divide by the Total Number of credit hours to get the G.P.A. per Semester. In the above example the G.P.A. is 44.3 divided by 17= 2.61


  1. G.P.A. 2 or above is to be scored for successful completion of the courses offered in one or two semester or at the end of the entire program, provided there is no failing grade in any course.
  2. G.P.A. 1.75 but < 2 on the other hand qualifies for promotion from 2nd to 3rd or 4th to 5th although failing or having scored ‘D’ grade in some or all courses.
  3. With G.P.A. less than 1.75 a student does not qualify for promotion to next higher semester.



Student C         300     2          A               08            Total Q.P.=- 22

310     2          D               02            Total C.H.= 10

320     2          F               00

330     3          A               12            G.P.A. 22=2.2


This student fails in two courses 320 and 335 but still has G.P.A. above 1.75 and can be promoted to next higher semester. He will have to reappear in courses in which he failed or got ‘D’ grade, to earn the passing grade and improve his G.P.A.